The Internet has become one of the vital ways to make available resources for research and learning for both teachers and students to share and acquire information (Richard and Haya 2009). E-learning has changed the landscape of university teaching, sometimes in unexpected ways. Again e-learning allows for efficient transfer of knowledge anywhere and anytime, regardless of subject matter. It opens up a world of learning unavailable in most corners of the world, while at the same time empowering learners with the information technology, awareness and skills crucial to succeed in today global knowledge economy.
According to Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) (2005) “E-learning is defined as the use of information and communication technologies in diverse processes of education to support and enhance learning in institutions of higher education, and includes the usage of information and communication technology as a complement to traditional classrooms, online learning or mixing the two modes”. Furthermore Wentling et al (2000) explains that e-learning refers to the attainment and use of knowledge that are predominantly facilitated and distributed by electronic means. To them, the e-learning depends on computers and networks, but it is likely it will progress into systems comprising of a variety of channels such as wireless and satellite, and technologies such as cellular phones (Wentling et al.
, 2000). In their literature review on definitions for e-learning, Liu and Wang (2009) found that the features of e-learning process are chiefly centered on the internet; global sharing and learning resources; information broadcasts and knowledge flow by way of network courses, and lastly flexibility of learning as computer-generated environment for learning is created to overcome issues of distance and time (Liu and Wang, 2009).However, Gotschall (2000) argues that the concept of e-learning is proposed based on distance learning, thus a transmission of lectures to distant locations by way of video presentations.I therefore argue that e-learning means engaging in an educational online course which are in different forms.
The techniques may vary like presentations and surveys. This assignment is focused on the benefits of using E-learning platforms in higher education. Also emphasizing challenges and the strategies of E-learning that encountered in higher education.