Most of us know the 1920’s as ” The Roaring Twenties”, the era of the flapper girls and jazz but in reality, it was a time for both prosperity and trouble. The Roaring Twenties was a period of struggle for farmers, immigrants, women and African Americans. It was a period of essential change in consumerism, innovative development, and a social and inventive articulation for women and African Americans. The Roaring Twenties came to an end when the Great Depression started but it will be a time that will greatly change the nation. In the 1932 election, it was Herbert Hoover vs. Franklin D. Roosevelt and the only reason why FDR won was because he wasn’t Hoover. FDR’s administration of Keynesian economics, the 3 R’s, and the New Deal was a reaction to the Great Depression. FDR’s administration was effective in the sense that it boosted the people’s confidence and belief in the federal government changing its role and giving it more power. Hoover declined to acknowledge the way that America was venturing into private enterprise. In any case, the means that they took really diminished the economy during the Great Depression which didn’t work so well.