The late adulthood period for the last 100 years increased, especially in industrially developed countries. We are learned how to battle against diseases which were considered as incurable earlier. The education level of people grew, we are now more understand about “healthy lifestyle”. The social sphere of the help and service for older adults was created.
However, physiological laws of life remained invariable.
Adults gradually grow older. They become physically helpless. Their sight and hearing worsen, the physical mobility vanishes, serious physiological and mental diseases develop.
The late adulthood is subdivided sometimes into two categories, such as “young old” (people between 65 and 79) of an “old old” (those who are 80 and older).
One of the main differences between these groups is, the fact that “young old” is very similar to “middle adulthood stage”. These people still work, are still relatively healthy and still interested in a productive and active way of life. “Old old” are less active and productive, but the majority still live independently.
The risk of developing diseases, such as atherosclerosis, cancer, and cerebral and vascular diseases significantly increases for this age group. Housing questions, (for example moving to care home), health care and increase in life expectancy are only some of the subjects which are of interest to this age group. To estimate a variety of people in old age it is better to be beyond chronological age and examine whether a person is experiencing: optimal aging (perfect health for their age, also continue to have active, interesting lives), normal aging (in which changes are similar to the majority physiological and psychological changes inherent in people of the same age), or impaired aging (elderly having serious physical illnesses).