Kaitiakitanga is a significant principle and aspect that contributes to the foundation of Maori traditions and beliefs and is a core value that underpins the lives of Maori in the past

Kaitiakitanga is a significant principle and aspect that contributes to the foundation of Maori traditions and beliefs and is a core value that underpins the lives of Maori in the past, the present and the future. Kaitiakitanga expresses a various set of practices, designed to attain a stainable management of resources supported Maori values and tradition and is practiced by Maori people. This essay explores the dimensions of the ethical concept of Kaitiakitanga of its nature pre-1840, the integration in business ethics and in the New Zealand legislation.
Prior the wave of European Settlers in New Zealand in 1840, the people of the Maori culture governed the nature and practice of Kaitiakitanga were predominant (Motakotako Environment Committee, 2008 & McNeill, 2017). Decision-making and behaviour were guided by Tikanga and this affected people’s social, economic, cultural and environmental well-being. However, the ability of hapu to practice Kaitiakitanga have been significantly influenced by the introduction of European notions of land tenure and land use. The sustained environment was aligned according to the ethic and exercise of Kaitiakitanga. Although the ancestral landscape has changed considerably generally and waterways specifically significantly remain highly valued and continue to contribute significantly to the spiritual well-being and cultural identity of hapu. The process of colonization has severely eroded the exercises of Kaitiakitanga. As a consequence, protecting the mauri of natural ecosystems has become a key part of competitor Kaitiakitanga. Despite this, however, practices of Kaitiakitanga have been retained, have evolved and are still observed today. It is important that future generations of Tangata Whenua do not inherit difficulties associated with the right to exercise Kaitiakitanga.