In the second half of the nineteenth century and within the early twentieth century

In the second half of the nineteenth century and within the early twentieth century, Azerbaijan experienced a cultural renaissance that drew the golden age of eleventh to the thirteenth centuries and other impacts. The support of art and education that characterized this development was powered to some degree by expanding oil riches. Azerbaijan’s new industrial and business elites contributed funds for the foundation of numerous libraries, schools, healing facilities, and charitable associations. Philanthropist Haji Zeinal Adibin Taghiyev manufactured and invested Baku’s first theater in the 1880s. Turkic Muslims were motivated by artistic flowering in Azerbaijan all throughout the Russian Empire and overseas, stimulating among other phenomena the foundation of theatres and musical drama houses which were among the first within the Muslim world. Initially, Tsarist authorities supported, then tolerated and lastly used intensified Justification against this assertion of artistic freedom. A few artist played a major parts in the renaissance.For instance, a playwright and philosopher, Mirza Fath Ali Akhundzade, influenced the Azerbaijani literary language by writing in vernacular Azerbaijani Turkish. His plays keep on having wide well known interest as models of form in the late twentieth century which are among the main noteworthy theater productions in Azerbaijan. Uzeir Hajibeyli, a famous composer and poet, used conventional instruments and themes in his melodic compositions, among which were the first musical dramas in the Islamic World. The poet and playwright Husein Javid (1882-1941) composed in Turkish about historical themes, most outstandingly the period of Timur. Under the Soviet rule, Russian social values circumscribed and forcibly supplanted Azerbaijani cultural expression. Especially, during Stalin’s purges of the 1930s, a lot of scholars and intellectuals were killed, and heartless attempts were made to eradicate prove of their lives and wok from chronicled records. Libraries,cultural monuments, mosques and archives were destroyed and two forcible changes of letter set ( alphabet ) in the 1920s and 1930s further disconnected Azerbaijanis from their literary heritage. Never totally extinguished during the Soviet time frame, however, Azerbaijani culture experienced a modest rebirth during Khruschev’s relaxation of controls in the 1950s, when those of people who had been the victims of Stalin’s purges were posthumously rehabilitated and their works republished. Another rebirth happened within the 1970s and 1980s, when Moscow once more loosened cultural restrictions. Publication of some nationalist pieces was permitted under Aliyev’s first regime including serializations of Aziza Jafarzade’s historical novel in Baku, 1501.
In the late 1980s, Gorbachev’s policy of glasnost energized a major movement among Azerbaijani writers and historians to illuminate “blank pages” in the nation’s past, such as Azerbaijani resistance to tsarist and Soviet control and Stalin’s violations against the peoples of the Soviet Union. Reprints of Azerbaijani historical and literary classics got to be more plentiful.