The management of any hotel should know the natural hazards most frequent to happen in its area. That knowledge include the following characteristics:
The hotel management have to be prepared to use early warning information in making effective decisions to secure safety of people, environment and assets.
“Essential preparedness measures are:
Disaster prevention measures
Disaster preparedness: Emergency Action Plans EAP’s, Emergency Response Teams ERT’s including emergency planning, evacuation planning, communication plans, data security measures, business continuity planning, etc.
Regular trainings, drills and awareness campaigns
Full compliance with building codes and zoning laws
Contingency planning and back-ups”
Hotels are responsible for independently securing their guests and staff for at least 3 x 24 hours as it may take that long before help arrives.
Unlike other natural disasters, e.g. storms or floods, earthquakes are unpredictable and they occur any time without any warning. Earthquakes may cause wide destruction landslides and tsunamis. Most oftenly simple measures can have a huge influence. Many seismically active areas are tourist destinations. More than 40% of cities, which have five million population, are located in earthquakes zones.
Although strong earthquakes cause severe damage and make for huge media coverage, however, the total risks of earthquakes remain relatively minor compared to those from other hazards. The magnitude of energy released from an earthquake is measured on the Richter scale, which is a logarithmic scale. That means with every increase in magnitude the ground shakes 10 times more. “The severity of shaking depends on the earthquake’s strength, but also on the location of the epicentre and its depth, as well as the composition of rock and soils”. With a proper emergency management, the earthquake risk can usually be decreased to acceptable levels.