De los Santos, Charles Jacob B.
This chapter presents the methods to be used in the study. It also describes the subjects of the study, the instrumentation used, the procedure of data gathering, and the statistical treatment of the data. Being systematic and rational must be kept in mind this is to synthesize social science research into designs for better buildings. The case study model provides a good method for rationalizing the physical design process. By generating an initial image, hypothesizing a solution, testing out whether it is viable in the chosen site it is essential that there is a study on the interaction of the community with what the researcher hopes to put in architectural language.
The study will determine and contrast similarities of spatial patterns from three different coastal fishing communities from the urban, rural, and international setting. This will enable the researcher to organize efforts into one cohesive and conceptual project suitable for the site.
3.1. Method of Research Used
The descriptive, survey, and case study methods of research will be used in this study. Descriptive because its main concern is to get holistic view of the characteristics of the subjects residing near coastal fishing areas, a study on their spatial relationship and behavior. This study is also a case study research method as the researcher compares three sets of subjects (urban, rural, & international setting), in terms of spatial organization patterns of residential, industrial, and commercial zones. Patterns fishing system and labor force participation will also be observed and compared. Both quantitative and qualitative research will be observed as it will elicit opinion on numerical data from the respondents through survey questionnaire.
Compilation of the assessment criteria list, the functional, organizational, behavioral and technical quality. The following factors will guide the researcher in what to assess in the site:
• Spatial arrangement of settlements
• Vehicular and civilian flow
• Housing condition
• Relationship of land and sea
• Livelihoods present
• Threats to local fishing activity
3.2. Subjects of the Study
In the case study method, poverty assessment is essential to identify specific project sites, particularly very poor fishers, women, and indigenous peoples in the target coastal communities will be factors of the study. The three sites from three different settings chosen by the researcher will be the subject of the study, exploring variables that concerns local conflicts that affects the local fishing activity of small scale fishermen.
3.3. Research Site
Data will be collected in three different sites, observational research within the given sites (Navotas Fish Port in Manila, Barangay Davila in Pasuquin, Ilocos Norte, & Mendahara Ilir in Indonesia) will be conducted. Studying behaviors, spatial patterns, and organization in the environment assessment of whole objects, as well as selected elements of the building: zones, interiors, outdoor spaces, and above all, provides recognition of users’ opinion.
3.3.1 Navotas Fishing Port
Navotas City, also known as the Fishing Capital of the Philippines with its population deriving their livelihood directly and indirectly from fishing and its related industries like fish trading, fish net mending, and processed fish. (Lumaque, Lopez, and Comedis 2015). Fishermen are often working for fish companies who often trade with agents of fish processing companies such as sardines. The proliferation of laws from the Navotas government that increasingly regulate where and how fisherfolk can fish, coupled with rising pollution of the Manila Bay, make it more difficult for the Tangos fisherfolk to catch enough fish to sustain themselves and their families (IBON 2017).
Observed in the site is the settlement model concentrated in coastal urban area. On-site was observed two parts of Navotas (Northern and Southern) that have different compositions; in the Southern part a wall separates residential buildings from inside which consists of a combination of various large commercial fishing industries, informal settlers, and inland municipal fishermen. Human activities were mostly present in the fish market, small-scale fishermen were visible however large amounts of commercial fishing vessels from the site were apparent, more likely to cause a conflict involving on the occurrence of fish resources.
Figure. ___ Composition of settlements residing near Navotas Fish port
The researcher explores further north of Navotas, and a change in composition was perceived. The hallmark of fishermen in the coastal settlements tend to follow a linear pattern of the street and alley – a narrow alley, the houses are very simple, crowded, dirty, and in with an uncertain income level. We can distinguish a relationship of how small-scale fishermen and the coastal community adapts within inside and outside a fishing port. Navotas fishermen cannot fish in parts of Manila Bay designated as belonging to Malabon. Otherwise they face a 100,000 peso penalty. If they want to fish in different municipalities, fishermen need permits that are too expensive for fishermen who often go hungry to feed their families.
Figure. ___ Composition of settlements in the northern part of Navotas
3.3.2 La Paz, Ilocos Norte
In La Paz Ilocos Norte, a similar settlement model was seen; a village concentration pattern of residential buildings close to the harbor, however unlike in Navotas where settlements were divided by a wall and are closely built to each other, they were spaced apart. The geography of La Paz covers a span of 85-square kilometers of sandy coastal desert and beach, making it hard to have agriculture as its alternative source of income for fishermen. Private owned lands by politicians make use of the sand dunes as a means of making profit from tourists. Fresh water is abundant as Padsan River is also near the Barangays, making it a large fishing ground for fresh water fish.
No industrialization or large commercial fishing industries is seen in the area, making it advantageous to fishermen. Sustainable development and climate change adaptation principles can be adapted here to propose mitigating measures of consequential impacts in the future. Their source of income comes from fishing, boat and fishnet making, as well as salt harvesting.
Figure. ___ Composition of settlements in La Paz, Ilocos Norte