Attention deficit-hyperactive disorder (ADHD) is a mental disorder that
affects children and teenagers, and can go into adulthood. Students with ADHD may be
hyperactive and impulsive. Oftentimes they have difficulty paying attention and
focusing on tasks. These issues are typically discovered when a child first goes to school
and has difficulty completing assignments. ADHD tends to be more prevalent in boys
than in girls.
Adults with ADHD may be unorganized, have difficulty managing a job, or
handling relationships. Low self esteem and addiction are also problematic.
Many symptoms of ADHD can be managed through medication and therapy.
Through the use of accommodations, interventions and
good teaching practices teachers are able to help students
reach levels of mastery in their academic work. Teacher tips
include preferential seating, giving instructions and asking a
student to repeat them, and “chunking” student work so that there is
not an overwhelming amount of material presented at one time.
Color-coding subject material such as binders and notebooks will
also help students with organizational difficulties. Using visual cues
and timers will enable the student to understand when lessons are
starting and other classroom routines. Assigning a “study buddy” to
help ADHD students with organization and
class procedures is also helpful.