200857609 Hsin-Yu Lu
Industrial revolution – Camera impacts on society
Camera is an object that could be used as communication, education and preservation (Techwalla, 2018). There are twenty- seven of significant invention that was created in the first industrial revolution, included the first camera obscura, was successfully born in 1814 (McFadden et al., 2018). The reason why I chose camera this invention is that I love photographing, film and even memories my life, it will be interesting for me to look at how the camera developed and how it impacts on society. However, we understand that people depend on the camera more and more often but why the camera is important to society. In this essay, I am going to write why is camera important to society, what problems was the camera solving, how was it developed and how did the design change society?
As I said, communication, education and preservation are all according to camera, so each section has their own reason, let me introduce them properly. Firstly, communication of camera is used to tell a story or even understand a thing without saying. There are some a group of people use as a tool but there are a few people use as a weapon. The reason why I said that is because of social media such as Instagram, the rule of posting story on the instagram is that you never post something without photograph. That’s how people use a camera for. Secondly, different people use different to memorise such as writing or seeing, that’s why we need camera for. Last is preservation, there are a lot of amazing things happening in our life but how could we remember all the thing. Imagine what if we don’t have camera, how do people receive news, information or even watching a movie by photograph. To sum up, camera is living in our society all the time, we take selfie, we take photos of every specific evens, we miss someone by seeing a photo. I believe that there is anyone could live without it.
The modern camera has high speed, good quality of resolution and long-term permanence, thus we understand the three most significance areas of camera that were not as good as recently. It would be difficult for the creator to solve. The problem of speed is that a famous photographer, Niépce, had a memorable photo that took eight hours to finish taking it. On the other hand, the long term of taking a photo, it would change the quantity of resolution, caused by the copper plate coated in silver and pewter that changing conditions during the long exposure time. The last challenge was the permanence, according to the long exposure time, Niépce’s photos were getting darker and darker. These problems had been solved by a chemical that conversed the light sensitivity of paper (Khan Academy, n.d.).
Camera Obscura was invented around 13-14th centuries by ancient greek and ancient chinese people. Camera Obscura is a box shape, in closed dark space. In one side of box there was where picture would come out, one the other side of box there was a hole. However, only until 1814, around first industrial revolution, camera obscura could actually take photos for the first time. Joseph Niepce using silver nitrate bring colour change while exposing to light (Tolmachev, 2010). The Daguerreotype Camera, invented in 1837, was able to develop the image in only 30 minutes using light exposure. 14 years later, based on Joseph Niepce’s concept, Frederick Scott Archer invented a way for photos to be developed in seconds. He did this by creating a way for glass negatives. It was named the ‘Wet Collodion Process’. Back then, photography was revolutionised because of him.
Eventually, Eastman’s Kodak’s camera users increased due to their improvement. It states “You press the button, we do the rest” when Kodak first on the market. It is made of metal and glass as lens, the image comes out in white and black (Tolmachev, 2010). It is much clear compare to camera obscura in terms of photos. Several years later, the first practical color plate reached the market in 1907. The method it used was based on a screen of filters. The screen let filtered red, green and/or blue light through and then was developed to a negative being later reversed to a positive.
In 1948, the first Polaroid Camera was released, again for the first time, the camera itself can print a photo in one minute. 1992 – The first professional digital cameras were made available by Kodak. Technology boost after that, DSLR, mirrorless cameras took over the film camera, and phone cameras took over everything prior.
Today – The iPhone, samsung, huawei, sony are the camera phones that are most often used in daily life (Sutori.com, n.d.).
It has changed our perception of history. Photos from cameras have serious impact, more than words alone could ever convey. In doing so, it transformed us as eyewitnesses of history. From the main cameras straight through to movies and TV, we have turned into a more arranged society. We begin to read less, think less, and watch more, from the back of lens. We grew up with an age that conveyed challenge signs. Currently, individuals post images on Facebook, Instagram and Wechat. They tell their stories by photos. Our capacity to focus has dropped from text to images (Morshedy, n.d.).
It tremendously changed art and news. Before the camera, art’s activity was as much visual painting. Long ago, thousands of journalists, writers and artists have to go to the field, to documents wars, animals and landscape. However, since the most skilled painter on the planet can easily be replaced by a picture or a scene as even a fair camera can, art changed from realistic to unique inside several generations of the innovation of photography. It also allowed many ordinary people to become journalists, writers and artists, which increase tremendouly number of people involved in creating history. Now with the new generation of the cellphone, people carry a phone with camera all day long and film anything interest them (Reference, 2018).
In general, the invention of the camera changed the world by allowing every single human being with cameras to document, creating daily lives. Therefore, pictures with some text information, in many ways, change the perspective of seeing our world.
Khan Academy. (n.d.). Early Photography: Niépce, Talbot and Muybridge. online Available at: https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/ap-art-history/later-europe-and-americas/enlightenment-revolution/a/early-photography-nipce-talbot-and-muybridge
Reference. (2018). How Has the Camera Changed Lives?. online Available at: https://www.reference.com/technology/camera-changed-lives-2d80004d08de0fe
McFadden, C., Shop, I., Miley, J., Papadopoulos, L. and Tomlinson, Z. (2018). 27 Industrial Revolution Inventions that Changed the World. online Interestingengineering.com. Available at: https://interestingengineering.com/27-inventions-of-the-industrial-revolution-that-changed-the-world
Morshedy, E. (n.d.). online Available at: https://www.quora.com/How-did-the-invention-of-the-camera-change-history?share=1 Accessed 28 Oct. 2018.
Sutori.com. (n.d.). Sutori. online Available at: https://www.sutori.com/story/the-camera-timeline
Tolmachev, I. (2010). A History of Photography Part 1: The Beginning. online Photo & Video Envato Tuts+. Available at: https://photography.tutsplus.com/articles/a-history-of-photography-part-1-the-beginning–photo-1908
Techwalla. (2018). Why Is the Camera Important? | Techwalla.com. online Available at: https://www.techwalla.com/articles/why-is-the-camera-important