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1. Potential Energy – stored energy available to do work.
An example of potential energy is a roller coaster at the top of a hill.
2. Endocytosis – form of transportation in which the cell membrane engulfs extracellular material.
An example of Endocytosis in the human body is white blood cells.
3. Fermentation – metabolic pathway in the cytoplasm in which NADH from glycolysis reduces pyruvate.
Fermentation in your bodies muscles produce lactic acid when you have too little oxygen during exercise.
4. Metabolism – the biochemical reactions of a cell
Your body’s metabolism is working very hard to process all the carbohydrates you ate today.
5. Aerobic – requiring the presences of air or free oxygen for life.
During aerobic respiration carbon dioxide is given off.
6. Osmosis – simple diffusion of water through a semipermeable membrane.
Osmosis occurs in plants when the roots uses water from the soil.
7. Photosynthesis – biochemical reactions that enable organisms to harness sunlight energy to manufacture organic molecules.
Plants need sunlight and nutrients for photosynthesis to take place.
8. Adenosine Triphosphate – (ATP)a molecule whose high-energy phosphate bonds power many biological processes.
Your cells need adenosine triphosphate or ATP in order to have energy or they will die.
9. Activation Energy – energy required for a chemical reaction to begin.
If the activation energy is decreased the reaction is greater.
10. Kinetic Energy – energy being used to do work; energy of motion.
The faster the man ran the more kinetic energy he used.