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1.Document and summarize how the authors have used sampling in the data collection section of the chosen articles:(300-500 words)

The article I selected to highlight the method of Cross- Sectional Research is by Alsaker, Moen, Morken and Baste 2018 which is titled Intimate Partner Violence Associated With Low Quality of Life-A-Cross-sectional. The authors used a random sample of 1500 women for the study. The data and sampling methods were collected using two groups. The first method of sampling used is a questionnaire. These questionnaires were sent to institutions where women who experienced abuse from their partners and would seek help by the Police. The second sample was a random sample by distribution to the population in form of questionnaires particularly to women in the community between the ages of 18-70 years old.

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According to Dupe´re, Leventhal and Lacourse (2009) in the study The National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth is a nationally representative, prospective study of Canadian children and adolescents launched in 1994–1995. Initially, 13439 households out of 15579 identi?ed as having one newborn to age 12 years and were willing to be a participant of the study. The households that agreed to partake in the survey, at most occasions the individual who would agree to be interviewed was the mother. Ten years later, children were also asked to fill out a self-reported questionnaire. The chosen individuals had to be at least 8 years old in cycle 1 (n= 4951). The persons remaining would participate in the survey at 18–19 years old).

According to Drijber, Reijnders & Ceelen 2012, between May 2008, and August 2009, male victims of DV no more than 18 years old, in the Netherlands were invited to answer a questionnaire that was specially developed for the study which was linked to a questionnaire. The questionnaire had a total of 15 questions consisting of age and ethnicity of the victim. The identity and gender of the perpetrator, type of violence, if alcohol and/or drugs were used by the perpetrator or the victim anytime in relation to the abuse. An investigation was also arranged to ensure if the individual had made any attempts to seek anonymous information by helpline services or the world wide web. In completion of the questionnaire, an option was provided to leave any necessary comments. The participants were allowed to desist from the questionnaire if they so desired and the participation in the study was made anonymous.

2.Using unit readings and other resources, explain why each article matches the research method. (100-150 words

Cross- Sectional – The data collection cross-sectional study is from people who are similar in all variables except the one variable which is under study. This variable remains constant throughout the cross-sectional study, Bhat (2018). In the study by (Alsaker, Moen, Morken and Baste (2018) the article used method of questionnaires and conducted the study using persons within the same sex(females) towards the study where two methods of sampling were used consecutively.

Longitudinal – The authors Dupe´re, Leventhal and Lacourse (2009) conducted the study for a period of years. Taking into consideration that when the children were first connected to the study they were of a younger age and in the time extended in the study the children became older. This study takes a long period at times and it can be a very exhilarating study.

Qualitative – This research method is not solely dependent on the number system collected but that of unique cases and studies with persons and their environment.

3.What are two major research issues or obstacles involved in sampling? (300-500 words)
The major research involved in sampling is

Longitudinal Sampling can be time consuming and quite expensive to maintain, because the study is sometimes so lengthy participants may get uninterested and drop out causing data collection material to depreciate over time. In this research study what may also occur is that persons who would have been situated in a specific area when they began the study may choose to move to another residence which may cause reason to drop out of the study. The study at times can be so prolonged over the years a participant may also die in the process whilst being affiliated in the study because of the lengthy time frame.

4. Explain what a researcher can do to overcome one of these issues/obstacles. (300-500 words)
A researcher can choose many different ways in order to avoid or overcome issues/obstacles in sampling. In the case of gaining participants to be motivated and stay in tune with a study depends on how and what the researchers offer or use to help encourage the assistance from persons. The researcher can use means of incentives for continued participation. One of the first incentives that grasps to the attention and willingness is means of monetary compensation. Once an individual is offered money to stay or be part of a research it allows the person to be actively involved and focused. Lengthy studies can be cut down at times adding a creative a motivating atmosphere and to attempt to seek the participants key interest. It is important for the researcher to assist with any means available to satisfy the participants for their overall interest.

References

C. Drijber, L. Reijnders & M. Ceelen (2012 Male Victims of Domestic Violence Volume 28, pp 173–178 Retrieved from https://link-springer-com.library.open.uwi.edu/article/10.1007/s10896-012-9482-9
Very well mind Cross- Sectional research method. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.verywellmind.com/what-is-a-cross-sectional-study-2794978
V. Dupe´re´ 1,2 *, T. Leventhal2 and E´. Lacourse3 (August 2009) Neighborhood poverty and suicidal thoughts and attempts in late adolescence Volume 39 Issue 8 Retrieved from
https://search-proquest-com.library.open.uwi.edu/docview/57297021?rfr_id=info%3Axri%2Fsid%3Aprimo&accountid=4253
K. Alsaker, Bente E. Moen, T. Morken and V. Baste (September 2018) Intimate partner violence associated with low quality of life?-?a cross-sectional study Retrieved from
https://bmcwomenshealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12905-018-0638-5
K.Cherry (2018) Cross sectional Research Method How does it work? Retrieved from
https://www.verywellmind.com/what-is-a-cross-sectional-study-2794978
K. Cherry (2018) The pros and Cons of Longitudinal Research(July2018) Retrieved from
https://www.verywellmind.com/what-is-longitudinal-research-2795335